Selling Your Jewelry and Getting the Most For It

Selling Your Jewelry: Triumph or Tragedy?

Which is more fun, getting a root canal, paying your taxes, or selling your jewelry? Not much of a choice, but following is some knowledge that can take the frustration out of selling your jewelry. And answer the hard questions like: Will I receive a fair price for my jewelry? Or did I pay too much?

The two critical areas of knowledge to get the best price for your jewelry are the factors that determine the value of estate jewelry and the options to liquidating it. Does this mean you have to become a gemologist just to sell your jewelry? No. But some homework and note taking can mean a much higher price paid for your jewelry. Let’s start with what determines the value of estate jewelry.

Estate is a general term used to describe previously owned. That fact is one of the determining factors. Preowned jewelry by in large is not as valuable as new. Some people will never buy a previous owned engagement set for superstitious reasons. I have had clients who could have saved hundreds of dollars if they would have bought a preowned ring, but refused.

Jewelry is a style driven industry. Some styles are classic and stay around for decades, others last just a few months. Estate jewelry that is out of style can’t command premium price. In fact some styles are so out of favor that the jewelry’s only value is its intrinsic worth. The other extreme is that the jewelry could be antique. Antique jewelry is highly collectible and may require a specialty option to sell. Knowing if your jewelry is just old and out of style or an antique can mean the difference of hundreds, if not thousands of dollars.

Condition is a major determining factor of the price received for your jewelry. Damaged and broken jewelry many times justify the restoration costs but most of the time damaged jewelry is only valued at its intrinsic worth. Jewelry repair in many instances is counter-intuitive. I have seen jewelry that has been mangled in such a way that the cost of restoration is minor and easily justified. On the other hand what appeared to be an insignificant problem rendered the jewelry unrestorable. Jewelry repair is one area you don’t want to be a “do it yourselfer”. Let the professionals do it, or it could end up costing you a ton of money.

Worn out jewelry impacts the value. It is a difficult repair to bring life back into a piece of jewelry. Most worn out jewelry is valued at its intrinsic worth.

Jewelry looks it’s best when cleaned. Properly clean your jewelry before showing it around. If you do not know the 100% correct way to clean your piece of jewelry let a professional jeweler clean it for you. Some jewelry stores may even clean it for free. Warning: the wrong cleaning can damage and even destroy jewelry. If your are unsure of how to clean the jewelry or gem, let the professionals do it.

Here are some cleaning tips. Never clean gold and gems in chlorine. Ammonia based cleaning products are used throughout the jewelry industry, but they can damage some gems. Try and avoid them if you can and know for certain if they well not hurt the gems in your jewelry. Use a mild soap with warm water and a soft toothbrush, then rinse thoroughly for most jewelry. A hard toothbrush and toothpaste or toothpowder will scratch gold and hurt some gems. The best cleaning tip is to know for certain the best cleaners to use on your jewelry and do it carefully.

The jewelry industry has been recycling for millennia. In fact some of the gold in your jewelry could have been in use since the time of Jesus. Damaged beyond repair jewelry is bought at its intrinsic worth. The intrinsic value is the metal (gold, platinum, silver) price plus any gems. The refining process used to recover the metal utilizes strong chemicals and has strict environmental regulations which impact the price given for metal brought to be recycled.

If you would like to know how to calculate the metal price and do the math read on, if not skip to next paragraph. The formula used to calculate the price is the metal price(the daily spot price) multiplied by purity(the true noble metal content) times weight(can be in ounces, pennyweights or grams). The purity is the karat of gold or percentage of noble metal (gold, platinum, silver). 24 karat is pure. 10 karat is 10/24 or.410 gold and the balance of weight is the alloys. 14 karat is 14/24 or.583 gold and 18 karat is 18/24 or.750 gold. Platinum most of the time is 90% pure and 10% alloy. Silver jewelry is usually sterling, which is.925 pure. The three units of weight used with precious metals are troy ounces, pennyweights, and grams. The troy ounce is equal to 20 pennyweights (dwt) or 31.15 grams. So here is an example; say the spot price of gold is $300 and a 14K ring weighing 10 grams would work out like this. $300 (spot price) X.583 (the fineness of gold) equals $174.90 per ounce divided by 31.15 (troy ounce to gram) equals $5.63 per gram times our ring of 10 grams equals $56.30. Just remember to subtract some refining cost and profit for the dealer and you can find out the intrinsic metal value for your jewelry.

Gems are an important part of jewelry. The estate jewelry value could be 99% determined by the gem. On the other hand the gem could add zero to the value. The two critical factors are the gem itself and the condition. Some gems have a higher value then others. A natural ruby is worth many times more then a synthetic ruby. Diamonds are generally more valuable then amethysts. Knowing your gem’s grade and rarity will help with understanding its value. The condition of the gem is critical to the value. Some chips and abrasions can justify the repolishing cost. But in most cases chips and scratches will render the gem unappealing and valueless. Tip: careful handling of jewelry retains a higher value then carelessness.

The overview of the determining factors of estate jewelry is style, condition, and intrinsic worth. Remember you don’t get paid for the jewelry in relation to what you paid but the condition and demand when you sell. Clean jewelry shows the item at its best and helps in evaluating the design and gems.
How to find the best way to get the most return for the jewelry?

Selling estate jewelry is the art of compromise. There is a balance between dollar paid and quickness of payment and ease of transaction. If you want the high price, fast and easy, you are dreaming. The higher the price gained from the sale of estate jewelry, the longer the time and more difficult the transaction..

Finding another consumer to buy your jewelry is the most profitable but the most difficult, time consuming and problematic. Walking into a dealer’s shop is the easiest and fastest way to sell but you are selling at wholesale or less. Finding the balance is a personal judgement call.

Each method of selling estate jewelry has it strengths and liabilities. Besides the price received for the jewelry, the time investment you have to make to sell the jewelry enters the equation. What are your time and energy worth? I have known people who have driven around town for two days just to make $20 more. Don’t over look the ease of transaction. Not all people decide to buy and pay cash on the spot. Some individuals take two or three visits just to make up their mind to buy. There could also be a measure of trust in shipping the jewelry across the country or even a payment plan could be the only way a person could afford your jewelry. The balance of dollar paid versus method of payment can be very tricky.

This list of ways to sell estate jewelry is not exhaustive. Personal creativity can show you the best way to sell your jewelry or one the more traditional methods may work out just fine. Examine your options and evaluate the benefits and drawbacks to find the very best way to sell your estate jewelry.

Auctions are the prestigious way to sell estate jewelry. There is an air of sophistication in liquidating jewelry through a major auction house. The nationally known auction houses like Christie’s, Sotheby’s and the like have pricey set up costs and standards. High end jewelry is best suited for these auctions. There are many regional and local auction houses that can sell estate jewelry in the mid range. Auctions can be very risky, because the end price is unknown, but the risk can bring a very positive selling price. The keys to selling your estate jewelry at auctions are finding the right house for your particular jewelry, knowing the best time to sell, and luck.

On-line auctions offer a lot of advantages and some risks. On-line auctions like e-bay are auctions conducted over the internet reaching a world wide audience. The cost of selling an item is modest if the object sells. Sales are not guaranteed. Which on line auction to use is a critical choice. The large auctions have many offerings and sales but it is easy to get lost in all that activity. Selecting the best category is another challenge. If you choose a smaller on line auction company, many potential buyers will not find your offering. The decision is best made with research on how your particular type of jewelry was sold. E-mail and ask other sellers if they got the price they wanted and how the selling experience was for them.

The trickiest part of on-line auctions is the actual transaction. Who will trust whom first. Normally the buyer sends funds, then the seller sends the item. The seller must also give a period of time for the buyer to return the item for a full refund. The transaction can be problematic or smooth. May all your experiences be trouble free, but the transaction problems I have tracked seem to run between 20% and 35% of the attempts have problems.

Jewelry brokers offer a professional service for a fee. Think of a jewelry broker as a hired professional working for you against a very sophisticated market like the jewelry industry. Make sure their allegiance is to you alone. Most jewelry brokers are highly trained in gems and jewelry. Jewelry brokers charge a percentage ranging from 10% to 50% depending on the type of service provided. Brokers can assist with a piece going to a top auction house or find a local dealer willing to pay top dollar fast. Some jewelry brokers also act as a dealer and buy out right for an immediate transaction. Jewelry brokers are usually found in major cities and include a jewelry and diamond finding service.

Pawn shops and secondhand dealers are another type of walk-in and sell option. Most work on a cash evaluation of the jewelry. The cash value on most estate jewelry is a percentage of the intrinsic value. The key to understanding this buying environment is the percentage. Some dealers pay close to 90% of the intrinsic value, while others pay as low as 33%. The only way to find the best price is to physically take the jewelry around to a number of shops. Then sell to the shop that offers the best value.

Consignment offers the incentive of a higher price when sold but the draw back of time. No one knows how long it will take or even if it will sell. The stores that offer consignment range from second hand bargain stores to elite jewelry stores. The type of estate jewelry you have dictates which store will attempt to sell your jewelry. If you have a high end piece in excellent condition the elite location could yield a fine return.

Consignment generally consists of a contract for the amount the jewelry will sell for and the percentage the store will keep. Some contracts have a time limit and who is liable if it is lost or damaged. You must know the details of the contract to understand what will and will not happen. Some stores will pay immediately, others pay after a set time or when you call. Find out what the process is if the store closes or moves. Many people have lost track of their jewelry altogether. Understand what the store’s liabilities are and yours. Also, find out how the store is going to sell your jewelry. If they will advertise it or just let it sit in a showcase. Make frequent contacts to keep your jewelry in the mind of the salespeople.

Newspapers offer individuals the best chance to sell to a retail customer. The classified shopping consumer, in all likelihood, comparison shops more then anyone else. They know the prices of your jewelry new and will pay a discount for a used article of jewelry. Also realize that the prices asked for in the paper are rarely achieved and do not reveal the true market value. Some times the jewelry is sold for very much less then advertised or never sold at all. But with some safeguards and timing the classified ad is generally one of the highest prices realized for average estate jewelry.

The retail customer is the highest price you could receive for your estate jewelry. The newspaper is one of many ways to reach the buying public with your message to sell. Public bulletin boards offer a inexpensive way to reach people. Look in your community or work place for bulletin boards. On line bulletin boards could also work out if you find the right one. Net working with friends and family might give a lead to someone willing to buy. Creativity is a powerful tool in reaching the public. Use your imagination and think who would be willing to buy my particular estate jewelry and reach out to them.

Safeguards are critical when selling jewelry to the public. First NEVER, NEVER, NEVER, and NEVER meet an unknown buyer in your house. Personal safety and protection against robbery should be your first priority. If you don’t have a way to meet the potential buyer at a public place, then do not sell your jewelry to the general public. Meet the buyer in a public place like a restaurant or shopping mall. I suggest the buyer’s bank, because if they wish to buy the jewelry they can go and get the cash now and finish the transaction. In addition the bank should have some security if something goes bad.

Fraud should be next on your mind. Cash is the best transaction, checks of all kinds can be faked. Also be aware of switching of jewelry, con men are on the look out for unsuspecting people.

Some other safeguards are notifying someone of the time and place of your meeting. You can even tell them you will call after the meeting just to check in with someone. It is helpful to have a mobile phone. If you have a pager it is a good idea to give that number in the ad. You get a call back number and they can’t find your home address. It is also a good idea to go with someone else. I have met people with another person standing in the background just watching. Sometimes con men work in teams and someone looking at the whole situation can see that it is a bad situation in time to help you not get taken.

I’d like to make one final point: most of the world is filled with wonderful people and everything should go just fine. Trust your instincts. Keep diligent and alert. Don’t take risks just to make a little more on the sale of your estate jewelry.

Selling your estate jewelry is not an everyday experience. Enjoy the adventure and learn some new skills. One very positive side effect of selling jewelry is you will learn how to evaluate jewelry. You will become a very wise jewelry buyer. Enjoy the journey.

Daniel Parisi
Diamond & Jewelry Broker, Gemologist

Women’s Boots – All Time Favourite Ultra-Chic Footwear

Women's Boots

One of the most popular footwear among women is boots. Boots are usually worn in cold winter months, but now the concept has changed and it is being worn throughout the year. Women’s Boots are usually easily available at all online stores. Shopping for boots at an affordable price is very easy. There are online stores where you would find boots, of your style and size. Sometimes it can be difficult to choose a pair from the wide variety that is available at these online stores.

There are variety of styles and designs available in boots for women. Whether it is a wedge heeled boots or ankle length or knee-high ones each type of boots evoke a different type of fashion statement. Wide calf boots are more popular in middle-aged woman. Leather buckled boots are ideal for the younger generation. You can team up your boots with any kind of outfit. From short skirts to hot pants to denim trousers and leather jackets and short dresses, women’s boots goes well with almost anything. Narrow fit jeans can also be teamed up with your boots if you are going for a party.

 Women’s Boots are available in a variety of colours. Colours like black, brown, blue, red, and many more. The heels can vary from the clogged ones to flat and stilettos. Hiking boots and military boots are also very popular among young women. More and more brands are coming up these days with more options and variety from which you can select when you are shopping for your dream pair of stylish and trendy boots. Boots are available in wool, plastic as well as leather.

There is boots of various styles and heels, which you can choose. From -inch heel to 6 inches, you can choose your heel type according to your needs and requirements. The heel improves the posture however; continuous use affects the general health too. According to the present fashion trend, the fur and suede style is simply wonderful. Another very popular style that has caught on is the thigh high boots. Of course, this is not ideal for the working people. However, if you want to make an impression with your gorgeous outfit and boots then it is the perfect choice.

The classy colours and chic styles make women’s boots one of the most popular footwear. If you are choosing these boots then you should go for the ones with a rounded toe. With these kinds of boots it is better that, you opt for leggings since they are so sleek and fitted. Therefore, if you want to stand out in the crowd then you should go for these ultra chic boots.

If you are planning to purchase from online counters then you can choose to go for ones, which has a free shipping policy and the returns policy, which is easy and hassle free. There are many stores where you would find a suitable designer or brand offering your size. Whatever is your need or desires, choose the shoes, which best suits, your budget and style. You are sure to look stunning and very attractive when you are wearing trendy and fashionable boots for women.

The Lingerie Guide to the Universe

Lingerie does for a woman’s body what seasoning does for food. Just as the spices and herbs enhances the flavor of food, corsets, bustier, gowns, sexy bras and thongs enhances the visual effects of a woman’s body. I don’t know what primitive man first discovered adding herbs and spices to food, but, God bless him. Don’t get me wrong… I believe food can be quite tasty without spices; however, it is even better with them. Same for lingerie.

Lingerie accentuates the shape of a woman. Women are beautiful on their own, but lingerie can give that extra kick that makes them bubble with flavors never before imagined.

As I thought about that, I realized I had just made a connection between lingerie and food. How odd, what a strange connection when you think about it. Is there any real connection between lingerie and food? What about everything else in the universe? I think lingerie is linked with the entire universe, and I am out to prove it. Let’s take a look at food first.

From Lingerie to Food:

1) Lingerie

loose T-shirt made of cotton, polyester, nylon or diaphanous chiffon that can be worn like a Babydoll.

Polyester

[Synthesis / Alcoholic transesterification] ethylene glycol (doubly alcohol-terminated). Multifunctional monomers (i.e., glycerol) result in cross-linking

Glycerin

Glycerin is used in glycerin soap, in cosmetics and creams, in foods, in chemistry, and in glycerin mist.

Hence we come to food

2) Lingerie

French language, for women’s undergarments. These garments are eroticised in Western culture.

Eroticism

Paraphilia

Paraphilia

[Other paraphilias] sitophilia: sexual arousal from food.

And here we are at food again.

3) Lingerie

Merry widow

Merry widow -backed hook-and-eye flange, and the whole garment was lined with nylon voile. Nine long spiral wires were cased in black

Nylon

[Historical uses] conspiracy theorists surmise that cannabis sativa was made illegal because the fibres from the hemp plant, used for fabrics

Hemp

hemp (Cannabis sativa”) as a source of oil, food, fibre, etc. Yep, back to food again.

There you go, at least three ways lingerie is linked to food. What about other things?
Well, why not start with some of the obvious ones like sex:

Lingerie to Sex:

1) Lingerie

derived from the French language, for women’s undergarments. These garments are heavily eroticised in Western culture.

Undergarment

[History / Present day] at least in advertising. Sex became the main selling point, bringing to fruition a trend that had been building since at least the flapper era

Sex- see, I told you this one was obvious. Want a more obscure one?

2) Lingerie

French maid

French maid

They are a form of ladies’ Fantasywear that depending on design, details can be classified as lingerie

Fantasywear

clothing, usually including lingerie, that people wear in the boudoir for living out Sexual Fantasies.

Sex- Not so obvious that time.

3) Lingerie

Robe

Robe

Worn after bathing or other activities where the wearer is nude to keep warm and/or preserve modesty in times of no immediate need to fully dress.

Modesty

friend or family of the same sex

Sex

Ok, another easy one, love.

Lingerie to love:

1) Lingerie

French language, for women’s undergarments. These garments are heavily eroticised in Western culture.

Eroticism

is an aesthetic focused on sexual desire, especially the feelings of anticipation of sexual activity.

Lust

[See also] Virtues: Love, Romantic love, List of ethics topics

Love – See how easy that was?

2) Lingerie

French language, for women’s undergarments. These garments are heavily eroticised in Western culture.

Eroticism

Human sexuality

Human sexuality

[Topics in human sexuality] love

Love- Still too easy, lets see if we can make this link a little more challenging.

3) Lingerie

Robe

Robe

a garment made of towel like material and is typically worn at home after a bath or other activities where the wearer is wanting to cover up.

Towel

[Pop culture trivia / Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy] the towel can even be used in melée combat. You can use it to hide from the Ravenous Bugblatter Beast of Traal
Races from The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy ( this also links lingerie back to the title of this article and Hitchikers guide to the galaxy for which the title was modeled after.)

[Fuolornis Fire Dragon] They often accidentally adored things to bits and hurt the ones they loved because of their rocket-booster breath and park-fence teeth. (That reminds me. I wonder what my ex is up to these days.)

Love

We did love, why not passion.

From Lingerie to Passion:

1)Lingerie

Robe

Robe

A gown worn as part of the religious dress of a cleric, chorister, monk, batizand, etc.

Choir

[Historical overview of choral music / Baroque music] passions and other music. He is also famous for his vast output in chorales, essentially stylistically harmonised

Chorale

passions and other works. These harmonisations are so well known that Bach’s name is virtually synonymous with the chorale in

Passion.

2) Lingerie

Corset by bone

Corset

[See also] Body modification

Body modification

teeth, and/or tongues, including amputation, burning, flagellation, piercing, skinning, and wheeling.

Flagellation

[Association with religion / Slavery] Flagellation of Christ, an episode in Jesus’ physical degradation leading to the Crucifixion. (See Passion) ( I’ll probably get letters on that reference)

Passion

3) Lingerie

Babydoll

Babydoll

it is a common garment for those who indulge in sexualized play-acting around ideas of infantilism.

Infantilism

[The psychology of infantilism / Psychological perspectives on infantilism] infantilism is usually regarded as a type of sexual roleplaying and is often viewed as a variation of BDSM.

BDSM

[Various practices / Switching] BDSM may encompass practices such as erotic spanking, flagellation, such as flogging, paddling or whipping

Flagellation

[Association with religion / Slavery] Flagellation of Christ, an episode in Jesus’ physical degradation leading to the Crucifixion. (See Passion)( Just to make sure I get those letters, and possibly death threats, rolling in.)

Passion.

Since I mentioned Jesus Christ in the last reference lets see how lingerie and the church are linked.

From Lingerie to Church:

1) Lingerie

Chemise

Chemise

[Compare] after the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685, a revolt by the guerrilla Protestant “Camisards”

Edict of Nantes

(1598) and ordered the destruction of Huguenotchurches, as well as the closing of Protestant schools

Church- That’s kind of a negative relationship, lets see if we can find a positive one.

2) Lingerie

Robe

Robe

A gown worn as part of the religious dress of a cleric, chorister, monk, batizand, etc., in various
Choir

Terminology: A vocal ensemble which sings in a church, or sings exclusively sacred music, is called a

Church – Yes that’s much better.

3) Lingerie

Garter

Garter (clothing)

Order of the Garter, which traces its history to the Middle English poem Sir Gawain and the Green Knight.

Middle English

[Literary and Linguistic Cultures] Middle English was one of the three languages current in England. Though never the language of the church, which was always Latin

Church

I have no intention of picking on religion, shall we move on? Let’s try something people do in church, like getting married.

Lingerie to Marriage:

1) Lingerie

Garter

Garter (clothing)

and colorful garters were an object of display. In Shakespeare’s Twelfth Night, “cross braced” garters are an object of some derision.

Twelfth Night (play)

Olivia asks him to marry her. The play ends in a declaration of marriage between the Duke and Viola, and Olivia and Sebastian

Marriage – Bet you didn’t see that one coming.

2) Lingerie

Garter

Garter (clothing)

Groom’s privilege to remove the garter and toss it to the male guests. The symbolism to deflowering is unambiguous.

Virgin

especially in regards to religious views of retaining one’s virginity before marriage. The term maiden

Marriage

3) Lingerie

Knickers

Knickers

1846 the New York Knickerbockers played the first game of “base ball” organized under those rules, in Hoboken, New Jersey, and were trounced 23 – 1

Hoboken, New Jersey

[Demographics / Post World War II] There are 19,418 households out of which 11.4% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 23.8% are married couples living together

Marriage

Too easy so far? Well, I own a lingerie and biker clothing store. Many have wondered what the relationship is, so, shall we try that?

From Lingerie to Motorcycle:

1) Lingerie

Corset by bone

Corset

Corsets are typically constructed of a flexible material (like cloth or leather) stiffened with boning

Leather

[Forms of leather / Leather from other animals] Leather is used to make items which need to be strong but flexible, such as motorcycle gloves.

Motorcycle

2) Lingerie

Chemise

Chemise

is a simple garment worn next to the skin to protect clothing from sweat and body oils. Chemise is the French term. Italians called it a “camicia”.

French language

[History / Modern issues] There is some debate in today’s France about the preservation of the French language and the influence of English (see franglais)

Franglais

old motorcyclist that I loved (play on “mieux vaut tard que jamais” — better late than never)

Motorcycle

3) Lingerie

Chemise

Chemise

is a simple garment worn next to the skin to protect clothing from sweat and body oils. Chemise is the French term. Italians called it a “camicia”.

French language

[Geographic distribution / Modern issues] Also, there are some French speakers in Lebanon, Cambodia, Egypt, India (Pondicherry), Italy (Aosta Valley)

Cambodia

[Transportation / Civil war and genocide] The locals normally use automobiles, motorbikes and buses. Velotaxis are an additional option often used by visitors.

Motorcycle

4) Lingerie

Bedjacket

Bedjacket

bedjacket is a light jacket, usually a peignoir, worn to bed while sleeping.

Jacket

jacket is a light coat.

Coat

The coat as an article of clothing for humans

Coat (clothing)

[Types of coats / Modern coats and jackets] Motorcycle jacket, a leather jacket, usually black, worn by motorcycle riders

Motorcycle

5) Lingerie

Unitard

Unitard

In erotic or costume use, they are usually referred to as catsuits

Catsuit

Unlike a unitard, its use rarely involves sports, and it may be made of leather, rubber, PVC, or velour

Leather

[Forms of leather / Leather from other animals] Kangaroo leather is used to make items which need to be strong but flexible, such as motorcycle gloves, jackets, mask, and skull caps.

Motorcycle

Sorry about the two additional references, they are my passions. My shop is located in Augusta Ga. What is the link?

Lingerie to Augusta Georgia:

1) Lingerie

Chemise

Chemise

[The history of the chemise] women’s shifts did not fall out of fashion until the early 20th century, when they were generally replaced by brassieres, panties, girdles, and

Undergarment

[Underwearing / Present day] The animated cartoon character Homer Simpson is often depicted sitting on his couch in his briefs drinking.

Homer Simpson

[Overview] Dooooh” from the films of Laurel and Hardy.

Laurel and Hardy

[Oliver Hardy] (January 18, 1892 – August 7, 1957) was born Norvell Hardy in Harlem, Georgia near Augusta, Georgia, in the United States of America.

Augusta, Georgia

(bit of a stretch on that one, lets try it in reverse)

1) Augusta, Georgia

[Famous Augustans] Laurence Fishburne, actor

Laurence Fishburne

as well as a recurring role as “Cowboy Curtis” alongside Pee Wee Herman (Paul Reubens) in the CBS children’s television show.

Paul Reubens

[Arrest II] as he stated that he was a collector of “erotic artwork” and he had a sizable collection of vintage erotica.

Erotica

[See also] lingerie (erotic underwear)

Lingerie

That one was a little more difficult. Shall we try something really ambiguous. Say, a Mountain?

From Lingerie to Mountain:

1) Lingerie

Chemise

Chemise

is a simple garment worn next to the skin to protect clothing from sweat and body oils. Chemise is the French term. Italians called it a “camicia”.

French language

[Geographic distribution / Modern issues] Vanuatu

Vanuatu

[Geography] – are also claimed by the French overseas department of New Caledonia. Most of the islands are mountainous and of volcanic origin.

Mountain

2) Lingerie

French maid

French maid

They are a form of ladies’ Fantasywear that depending on design details can be classified as lingerie

Fantasywear

or French Maid or Fraulein outfits ensembles, or by the use of materials such as PVC, Satin or Rubber

Satin

and plain weaves are the 3 basic types of weaving by which the majority of woven products are formed.

Plain

Plains may be more suitable for farming than plateaus or mountains.

Mountain

3) Lingerie

Corsage by elastic

Corsage

bouquet as a fashion accessory attached (usually) to dress

Bouquet

A group of television channels owned by the same company, e.g. British Sky Broadcasting or Turner Broadcasting

Television station

Because some regions have had difficulty picking up over-the-air signals (particularly in mountainous areas), direct-to-home cable or satellite stations provided service.

Mountain

Mountain not big enough? How would we link lingerie to the world?

From Lingerie to World:

1) Lingerie

Camisole

Camisole

camisole is a woman’s undergarment which covers the top part of the body. It is sleeveless and tight fitting in contrast to a loose-fitting

Undergarment

[Related topics / Present day] BVD

BVD

BVD arguably was, and remains, the best known initial trademark in the world

World

2) Lingerie

Stockings

Stocking

but now of knitted wool, silk, cotton or nylon (see Hosiery). The word stock used to refer to the bottom “

Cotton

native to the tropical and subtropical regions of both the Old World and the New World.

New World

The continents were new to the Europeans, who thought of the world as consisting only of Europe, Asia

World

3) Lingerie

Chemise

Chemise

[The history of the chemise] women’s shifts did not fall out of fashion until the early 20th century, when they were generally replaced by brassieres, panties, girdles, and

Undergarment

Undergarments can also have religious significance, as in the special temple garment worn by followers of the

Religion

[Compare with / Related philosophical stances] – essentially an extremely cautious means of building a supportable, evidenced understanding of our world

World

Let’s not stop with this little planet, how about the solar system?

From Lingerie to Solar system:

1) Lingerie

Camisole

Camisole

A Camisole can be worn over a brassiere or without one. Some camisoles come with a built-in underwire bra which eliminates the need for a bra

Brassiere

[Push Up Bras] Some more innovative push-up bras use silicone inserts or water sacks to imitate the fullness of a natural breasts

Silicone

[Chemical terminology] like a ketone group with Si in place of C (the same terminology is used for compounds such as silane, which is an analogue of methane)

Methane

[Methane not on Earth] Methane has been detected or is believed to exist in several locations of the solar system. It is believed to have been created by abiotic processes

Solar system

2) Lingerie

loose T-shirt made of cotton, polyester, nylon or diaphanous chiffon that can be worn like a Babydoll.

Polyester

[Applications] Holograms

Holography

Holograms are common in science-fiction, most notably Star Trek, Star Wars, and Red Dwarf

Red Dwarf

[Invented words / Nova 5] Red Dwarf left the Solar System was apparently the “dollarpound”, divided into one hundred “pennycents”.

Solar system

3) Lingerie

Corset by bone

Corset

garment worn to mold and shape the torso into a desired shape for aesthetic or orthopaedic purposes

Aesthetics

[Aesthetics in the visual arts] perceived mass, subliminal structure, linear dynamics, tension and repose, pattern, contrast, perspective

Pattern

The planets of our solar system are caught in an incredibly ancient pattern by the gravity of the
Sun

Solar system

Keep Going? Galaxy would be next.

From Lingerie to Galaxy:

1) Lingerie

Corset by bone

Corset

a woman’s corset was usually worn over a garment called a chemise or shift, a sleeveless low-necked gown made of washable material

Shift

derived meanings of change, such as red shift, Great vowel shift, paradigm shift

Redshift

[Introduction] The term redshift is also used for the observation that light emitted by distant galaxies is shifted to longer wavelengths

Galaxy

2) Lingerie

French language, for women’s undergarments. These garments are heavily eroticised in Western culture.

Eroticism

Sexual fantasy

Sexual fantasy

of Christian martyrs, many of whom resort to self-mutilation to preserve their virginity or chastity

Virgin

in many Neopagan traditions. The constellation Virgo represents a wide selection of sacred virgins.

Virgo

[Notable deep sky objects] to 10° west of Vindemiatrix (e Vir), this constellation is especially rich in galaxies.

Galaxy

3) Lingerie

Unitard

Unitard

unitard is a skin-tight one-piece garment with long legs and sometimes long sleeves. It differs from a

One-piece garment

sari

Sari

[The traditional philosophy / Styles] (the body as the world) unites with the ‘sharira-mandala’ ( the whole universe).

Universe

[Expansion and age, and the Big Bang theory] A fundamental aspect of the Big Bang can be seen today in the observation that the farther away from us galaxies are.

Galaxy

Finally, that gets us to the Universe.

From Lingerie to Universe:

1)Lingerie

Petticoat

Petticoat

skirt, dress or sari. The petticoat is a separate garment hanging from the waist.

Sari

[The traditional philosophy / Styles] (the body as the world) unites with the ‘sharira-mandala’ ( the whole universe).

Universe

2) Lingerie

Chemise

Chemise

[The history of the chemise] women’s shifts did not fall out of fashion until the early 20th century, when they were generally replaced by brassieres, panties, girdles, and

Undergarment

Undergarments can also have religious significance, as in the special temple garment worn by followers of the

Religion

[The nature and content of religion / Questions that religions address] Creation beliefs, which seek to explain the origin of the universe, the Earth, life, and humanity

Universe

3) Lingerie

French maid

French maid

They are a form of ladies’ Fantasywear that depending on design details can be classified as lingerie

Fantasywear

or French Maid or Fraulein outfits ensembles, or by the use of materials such as PVC, Satin, etc.

Satin

technique that forms a minimum number of interlacings in a fabric. If fabric is formed with a satin weave using filament fibers such as silk….

Filament

In astronomy, it is used to refer to any thread-like structure in the astronomical universe

Universe

There you go, lingerie is weaved into the very fabric of the universe. I knew it all along. Those that have used lingerie probably know it, too. I wonder if lingerie is the very meaning of life….?

Note: Here are a few more links that deserve mentioning.

Lingerie to Couple:

Lingerie

Babydoll

Babydoll

it is a common garment for those who indulge in sexualized play-acting around ideas of infantilism.

Infantilism

[The psychology of infantilism / Psychological perspectives on infantilism] infantilism is usually regarded as a type of sexual roleplaying and is often viewed as a variation of BDSM. In this variation

BDSM

[See also / Switching] Swinging

Swinging

[History] It has consistently found that swingers have better pair-bonds than monogamous couples. The most recent and most thorough study

Couple

Lingerie to Fidelity:

Lingerie

derived from the French language, for women’s undergarments. These garments are heavily eroticised in Western culture.

Undergarment

[History / Middle Ages and Renaissance] urban legend that Crusaders worried about the fidelity of their wives forced them to wear chastity belts.

Fidelity

From Lingerie to Monogamy:

Lingerie

Garter

Garter (clothing)

which traces its history to the Middle English poem Sir Gawain and the Green Knight.

Sir Gawain and the Green Knight

[Plot synopsis / The Meeting with the Green Knight] Arthur refuses to blame Gawain and decrees that all his knights should henceforth wear a green sash in recognition of Gawain’s courage and honour

Honour

[Honour, sex, and violence] virginity, or at least to preservation of exclusive monogamy.

Monogamy